DC FAN Speed Regulator Circuit
DC FAN Motor Speed Controller Regulator Circuit Works ON Principle of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique , By Using This Technique Controlling Of DC Motor Speed is very Smoothly And Noise Free.
Introduction Of PWM
The modulation is a process of varying the parameter of a carrier signal in accordance with the instantaneous value of the message signal. Modulation technique is used to encode the message into a pulsing signal.
A Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Signal is a method for generating an analog signal using a digital source. A PWM signal consists of two main components that define its behavior- a duty cycle and a frequency. The duty cycle describes the amount of time the signal is in a high (on) state as a percentage of the total time of it takes to complete one cycle. The frequency determines how fast the PWM completes a cycle (i.e. 1000 Hz would be 1000 cycles per second), and therefore how fast it switches between high and low states. By cycling a digital signal off and on at a fast enough rate, and with a certain duty cycle, the output will appear to behave like a constant voltage analog signal when providing power to devices.
• The term duty cycle describes the proportion of ‘on’ time to the regular interval or ‘period’ of time; a low duty cycle corresponds to low power, because the power is off for most of the time. Duty cycle is expressed in percent, 100% being fully on.
The PWM method is a great method to control the amount of power delivered to a load without initiating the waste power.
• Average Output Voltage is Porportional to ON Time Of Duty Cycle.
PWM signals are used for a wide variety of control applications. Their main use is for controlling DC motors but it can also be used to control valves, pumps, hydraulics, and other mechanical parts. The frequency that the PWM signal needs to be set at will be dependent on the application and the response time of the system that is being powered. Below are a few applications and some typical minimum PWM frequencies required:
- Heating elements or systems with slow response times: 10-100 Hz or higher
- DC electric motors: 5-10 kHz or higher
- Power supplies or audio amplifiers: 20-200 kHz or higher
The following are the advantages and disadvantages of controlling the speed of a DC motor with PWM are
- The consumption of power to the motor is very less
- Due to heat there is a less amount of energy is decreased
- It will allow the fine motor control
- The efficiency is up to 90%
Disadvantages Must Read What is 555 Tmer
- The pulse width modulation circuit is complex
- Radio frequency interface
- Voltage spikes
Here is Some circuit diagram of DC fan Regulator Using PWM Method.
By This Method Smoothly Controlled The Speed Of DC Motor At Negligible Noise
BY using This Circuit You can control the speed of DC Fan by tuning the (Potentiometer) volume control variable resistance. These circuits are based on 555 Timer .
Circuit 1. (Tested At 12v 1A DC FAN)
use at least 470K POT ( Vol control potentiometer) to set the required speed
Components of circuit 1
• IC 555-1
0.01nf (100) -1
Potentiometer – 500KΩ-1
• DC Motor
Testing DEMO Video OF DC Motor/FAN Speed Regulator (circuit 1)
This is Other circuit diagram of DC Fan Speed controller.(Tested on 12v Motor)