single push button on/off circuit
one push button start stop relay circuit
Press the switch- ON
Again press the switch- OFF
There are the following two circuit diagrams of ON-OFF using a single pushbutton switch, Only one Pushbutton switch is used for both ON and OFF. Once Load is ON then remain in this position unless and until pressing again the push button. This type of switch is also called a Latch switch or we can say Toggle switch also. First, start the input Power supply to the circuit then the output pin 3 of the IC 555 timer is in LOW means there is no Output and this condition the Relay connected to this Circuit is also deactivated and the load is No turned ON.
The first time Press the Pushbutton for a moment then the Output Pin 3 of 555 ic is HIGH and Transistor connected with this pin is ON then Relay will also Active and the connected Load will Switch ON. And Output will not return in OFF state unless and until again press the button switch.
Again second Time press the Push button for a moment ( about half to 1 second) then the again Output will in LOW and the relay be deactivated and the connected load through the relay is switched OFF. The output will not go to turn ON unless and until press the pushbutton switch again. So these are simple, Interesting, and very Effective and Useful circuits.
You can use these circuits as a Single Phase Motor starter (Tullu Pump). If you start the motor and Electricity cut during this period and you forget to switch off then not a tension to restart again after power comes.
Components and parts
IC 555 -1
Pushbutton Switch (Tactile switch) -1
Capacitor 2.2uf 25v- 1
Diode 1N4007 -1
Relay 9v 30A- 1
Transistor- BC547 or 2N2222A- 1
Push ON Push OFF using a single Pushbutton switch
This circuit is built using the Decade counter IC 4017. The Pin 14 is the clock input pin of this ic and this is connected with the switch through a 1k resistor. IC 4017 has 10 outputs but in this connection, only 2 outputs are used and output is connected only with one pin.
At first, the circuit ON by connecting the input power supply the output at pin 3 will HIGH, because no connection on that pin our Load will remain in OFF.
When the button is pressed the Clock signal (LOW to HIGH) is applied at pin 14 and the output is shifted from (Q0 to Q1) pin 3 to pin 2 and the transistor will turn on and the Relay is activated and Load will ON.
Again pressing the button switch again a clock signal goes at pin 14 of IC4017 and now Output shifted again (Q1 to Q0) From pin 2 to pin 3 and Pin has No output and our load will turn OFF.
For applying the clock signal on pin 14 a resistor of 8.2k connected with the parallel with electrolyte capacitor of 4.7uf. use battery or AC adaptor for input power supply of 6v to 12v and use transistor BC547 for small size relay and if you have Big size Relay then you should use a 2N2222A. This is also a very simple, interesting, and useful circuit. This circuit also can be used for a starter of a one-phase Tullu Motor Pump.
Parts and components
Resistors – 8.2kΩ-1, 1kΩ-2
Capacitor- 4.7uf 25v -1
Transistor – 2N222A -1
Relay 9v – 1
Diode 1N4007- 1
Pushbutton Tactile switch – 1
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